Maputo, formerly named Lourenco Marques up until 1976, is the capital and most popular city of Mozambique. Located near the southern end of the country, within 120 km of the Swaziland and South African borders, the city has a small population of 1,101,170 and covers an area of 137〖km〗^2.Maputo is a port city, where the economy is centered around commerce. Its distinctive, diverse architecture and its vibrant cultural scene, home to people of Bantu, Portuguese and to a lesser extent, Arabic, Indian, Chinese and other cultures, Maputo is known as a cosmopolitan city. Maputo City is the geographically smallest and most densely populated province in Mozambique.
The mainland also has a number of admirable beaches in Mozambique. Surfers, in particular, will be drawn to the big waves of Praia da Macaneta which can be reached by boat from Maputo. The 117 km journey to the golden sands of Ponta do Ouro requires a 4x4 vehicle while just 5 km north from there is the charming beach of Ponta Malongane.