Located in the Kalahari Basin, the Makgadikgadi Pans are the vast salty remains of a 2 million year old lake and is practically devoid of human habitation.. Evidence of the past, dates back to the Stone Ages and is a draw card for fossil seekers. You might even see engravings in the trunks of ancient baobab trees left behind by explorers David Livingstone and Frederick Selous that mark their passage through the region. This is one of the few places on earth where you feel like you are part of the world’s extraordinary history and evolution. The deafening silence and brilliance of the night sky’s stars is something that can only be experienced in this isolated and often described as “eerily haunting” place. The Salt pans cover an area of 12 000 sq kms (1 200 000 ha) which is about the size of Portugal. The Pans are home to the second largest zebra migration in Africa. They move from the west, near the Boteli River, which is their home during the dry season to the east when the rains start to fall in November and December each year. During the dry months (April to October) the pans are full of adventure from quad biking, guided walks, horse rides and traditional game drives. From December to May, the rainy season, large herds of blue wildebeest, zebra, springbok and gemsbok may be seen as this is when the Boteli River flows through the reserve. The Okavango floodwaters are high and everything becomes lush and green. Flamingos, migratory ducks, pelicans and geese flocking in by the thousands making the Pans a birders paradise. The charming little meerkat (also known as the suricat) is a highlight for many visitors to the area. This is a must on a Botswana itinerary.